Everglades Hiking: Mosquitoes, Birds, and Biodiversity

Everglades National Park is one of the crown jewels of the American national park system, and Florida’s only UNESCO world heritage site. It is best known among outdoorsy folk for the water trails that facilitate long canoe and kayaking trips, but it has plenty to offer the hikers among us as well. I spent some time in the Everglades exploring by car and foot, so I will provide a quick guide on several short Everglades hiking trails (and Big Cypress hiking too!).

everglades hiking

The grasslands that make up most of the Everglades (c) ABR 2016


The Everglades is the watery heart of Florida; it is home to a huge variety of native flora and fauna, and its water ways have served as a byways for humans since their arrival in this part of the world.

The growth of the European colonies in the “New World” and the eventual rise of the United States took its toll on this spectacular landscape, however, and by 1923 people started calling for its protection. A man named Ernest F. Coe headed this charge, in spite of his background as a land developer. He envisioned a park of 2 million acres, including what we now know as Big Cypress. Although the Great Depression made it difficult for Coe’s dream to come true, in 1934 the Everglades National Park was declared at 1.3 million acres.

everglades hiking

(c) ABR 2016

Interestingly, much of the land that got left out of the original park has since been protected in other forms, including Big Cypress National Preserve and Biscayne National Park.



Most of the trails that I am going to discuss here are along the main road in the park, which runs from the Ernest F. Coe Visitor Center to the Flamingo Visitor Center. Shark Valley is the alternate entrance and requires an entrance fee as well as money for a tram ride. General entrance into the park is $25.00 per vehicle.

everglades hiking

The marsh and the ocean meet (c) ABR 2016

If you start by heading down to Flamingo, there are several trails that follow the coast. The Coastal Prairie Trail heads west from the visitor center to Clubhouse Beach, where camping is allowed. As with all the trails in the Everglades, this is a flat, out and back walk that is 11.2 miles round trip. The Christian Point Trail is a shorter walk to the ocean, at only 4.2 miles roundtrip, but it is one of the more challenging trails in the area.

Snake Bight Trail and Rowby Bend Trail are near Flamingo as well, but I gave up on walking either due to the inordinate amount of mosquitoes that were swarming me every time I stepped out of my vehicle.


There are three very short, but beautiful walks in the middle section of the main park road. These include Mahagony Hammock, Pa-hay-okee Outlook, and Pinelands. Of these, my favorite is Mahagony Hammock, because it is the best place to learn about the diversity of landscape in the Everglades. Before coming, I really imagined that this place was just a giant marsh, but driving through and hiking for the day taught me the truth. The short walk out to Mahagony Hammock (0.4 miles) takes you out through grasslands that look to stretch on infinitely, to an island of drier forest, which is called a “hammock.” There is something very special about trekking through an open ocean of grass to take refuge in a forest island. A spot of green in an expense of yellow.

everglades hiking

Mahagony Hammock’s mote, which separates the hammock forest from the grasslands (c) ABR 2016

Pay-hay-okee is similarly located in a hammock, although much larger, and there are many platforms from which to observe the landscape and its unique bird species. Pinelands isn’t quite as diverse, but this 0.4 mile walk through the forest introduces the pineland ecosystem. There is also a longer trail in this area called the Long Pine Tree Trail, which is 7 miles long in one direction, and connects to 22 miles of trail. I did not do this particular Everglades hiking trail, however.

everglades hiking

The drier hammock forest (c) ABR 2016


The Ernest F. Coe Visitor Center is right near the entrance, and it is one of the more busy hiking areas in the park due to the ease of access and exceptional biodiversity here. In fact, they provide tarps so that you can keep the vultures from tearing up your car, and I saw my first wild alligators just a few feet down the trail.

everglades hiking

Lily pads in a wetland (c) ABR 2016

This area feels very garden-like, or it did to me. There were huge, glassy ponds complete with lily pads, and open skies. With lots of tall grass, and wooden walkways give you great views of the water and any of the animals that might be calling it home when you visit.

There are also some short paths through some more tropical forest here. Some of the biggest trees that I saw in the park were here and I really enjoyed the shade after exploring in the open and observing alligators for a while.


The Florida National Scenic trail passes through Big Cypress and is easily accessible from the road via the Oasis Visitor Center. I was not properly equipped for the amount of mud on the trail when I visited, but for drier times of the year, or people with more waterproof equipment, this would be a great trail to turn into a shorter, out-and-back journey.

everglades hiking

Cypress trees (c) ABR 2016

For those of you in my boat, check out Kirby Storter Roadside Park, where you can take a short walk through the Cypress swamps. This was one of my favorite spots in Florida, due to the fact that I absolutely love Cypress trees. I think they are otherworldly and they have always characterized what I imagined the Everglades to be.


(1) Alligators! Were really not as much of a problem as I thought they would be. I actually never saw one on the trail, but if you do see one, keep your distance. Also, just pay attention and keep your wits about you when you are near the water while on the Everglades hiking trails.

(2) Mosquitos are more of a discomfort than a danger if they aren’t carrying disease, but the odds of disease are getting worse and worse, so its best to avoid them. In my experience, bug spray is absolutely NOT enough in this area. If you are going to be hiking in a mosquito-infested area, you will need some special clothing to keep them off of you.

everglades hiking

Pineland (c) ABR 2016

(3) Hiking solo is one of my favorite things, but it definitely has its particular risks. As with any solo hiking venture, let people know where you are going and when you will be back. Check in with the park rangers to get updates on the trail and let them know where you are off to.

(4) Finally, remember, you are always responsible for yourself on the trail. Your safety is up to you. Conditions change day to day and everyone has different hiking abilities. You need to take all of that into account before you leave, and to insure that you have all the equipment, water, and food you will need.

If you want to know more details about these trails, Florida Hikes! is a great resource for individual trails, safety and more. And if you are in need of more Florida travel inspiration, be sure to read through our Guide to Florida.

everglades hiking

everglades hiking


Respectful Travel In the United States


10 Things You Didn’t Know About the Culture of Dominica


  1. Kim

    I love your post it’s very informative . I use to live in Florida near the everglades and yes, you’re right those mosquitoes will carry you away! These parks look like a great place to connect with nature. Thank you for sharing.

    • waitingforrain28

      I didn’t know that mosquitoes could be that bad before I went. Hahaha! It was crazy!

  2. Deb

    This sounds amazing! We are heading to Florida in April and my kids are excited to see alligators but all the ‘touristy’ alligator parks don’t seem very humane to me. I would love for them to see them in the wild. Thanks so much for the great tips!


    • waitingforrain28

      You can definitely see them in the wild! Everglades and the surrounding areas are where it is at!

  3. We love visiting the UNESCO sights around the world and have enjoy many of them. The everglades has its own special uniques.

  4. Even though I am from FL I have never been down to the everglades. Sounds like a nice hike. So glad you gave those safety tips!

    • waitingforrain28

      There are lots of people in AZ that have never been to the Grand Canyon. XD I hope you make it down to the Everglades soon.

  5. Looks like a great place to head to, to be up close and personal with nature

  6. This is beautiful. I love hiking and I’m definitely putting this on my list.

  7. Everglades parking looks beautiful. I definitely would have to be mindful about the mosquitoes. They adore my blood, unfortunately.

  8. Your photos are beautiful – I felt like I was there with you. I grew up in Alaska and the mosquitoes were always terrible. I’m pretty content staying as far away from them as possible, but your photos make me question that a bit. Thank you!

    • waitingforrain28

      If you survived them in Alaska, you can do it in the Everglades! Just get a body suit for protection.

  9. I have always wanted to see the everglades but I am scared of alligators! I am surprised that you didn’t see any.

    • waitingforrain28

      Not on the trail. But there are some in areas that people can safely see them. As long as you are smart, pay attention, and give them space, I think you will be fine! You can also ask the rangers too.

  10. I haven’t tried hiking in my life yet. My friends who did for the first time kept coming back for more hiking adventure. I’m not sure yet if I would try anytime soon. I’m more of a beach person or a theme park.

    • waitingforrain28

      Maybe start with a little hike. It doesn’t need to be to intense and you might like it!

  11. Elizabeth O

    It looks so picturesque, you provided some really great safety tips for anyone looking to visit too. Really enjoyed this.

  12. Blair Villanueva

    Awesome adventure but I’m no no for mosquitoes 😀
    That little thing is quite more dangerous than alligator!

    How huge is the mangrove area?

    • waitingforrain28

      I agree! Mosquitoes are the worst and the diseases that they carry are horrible.

  13. Chuck

    Looks like really fun hike. Would love to experience it too!!

  14. I’d love to go hiking but have no idea where to start! Even though I’m afraid of how intense it may be, it sounds like so much fun.

    • waitingforrain28

      Aw! Don’t be afraid! Just make sure to have water, good shoes, and let people know where you are going (or bring a friend). If you take your time, and are careful, anywhere is a good place to start. If you want to be sure, start somewhere relatively flat.

Leave a Reply

Powered by WordPress & Theme by Anders Norén