Cautionary Tales for the Concerned Traveler: The Story of the Key Deer and Speeding

The Florida Keys have plenty of attractions to bring travelers from all over the globe – an otherworldly highway of bridges over the sea, a massive, empty fortress on the edge of American waters, and the sea-side town of Key West at the center of it all (all of which you can learn more about in my last post here).

Highway 1 (c) ABR 2016

Highway 1 (c) ABR 2016

These man-made wonders aren’t the only thing that makes the keys special. The keys are home to many different animals, all of which play a role in the systems that make this destination unique. Believe it or not, even things like poisonous plants and mosquito are essential building blocks for the nature that so enchants us. As travelers, it is our responsibility to protect  and respect these living beings (except the mosquito biting you, we all have permission to kill those rude ladies with a well-aimed slap), even if it means we don’t get that selfie we’d love to have, or get to hike through a cave or island with nesting animals.

Why is this our responsibility? As I mentioned before, each species plays a role in creating the environments that we travel so far to visit. If we value these places, it wouldn’t be right to leave it any lesser when we return home. Local people and future generations also deserve to have these environments and their inhabitants protected. Also, as many of us are animal lovers, and it is important to consider the consequences of anything that we do. The story of the key deer of the Florida Keys is a good example of why we must be careful, and the consequences of not doing so.

Key deer (c) Marc Averette (CC via Wikipedia)

Key deer (c) Marc Averette (CC via Wikipedia)

The key deer has the long and illustrious scientific name Odocoileus virginianus clavium – try saying THAT three times fast. For the uninitiated, the fact that this species has three components to its scientific name, means that it is a subspecies, which is basically a group of animals that has been isolated long enough to start to look like a new species, but isn’t quite there yet. The key deer is a subspecies of the more common white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), which most Americans have seen at one time or another. Unlike the white-tailed deer, however, the key deer is found in only one place in the entire world, the Florida Keys (specifically from Little Pine Key to Sugarloaf Key), and it is easily distinguished from white-tailed deer due to its tiny size.

Sadly, this special little creature has been on the brink of extinction since the 1950s, when hunting brought its population down to 50 animals. We tried to address this problem by using the Endangered Species Act to stop people from directly killing these tiny, island deer, and in 1957 the Key Deer National Wildlife Refuge was established. The hope was, as it often is, that if we gave them some room, and kept the stressors of human activity away from them, that their numbers might start to grow. And they did! For a time.

key deer fawn (c) Ianaré Sévi (CC via Wikipedia)

key deer fawn (c) Ianaré Sévi (CC via Wikipedia)

The highway that makes the Florida Keys such a road trip destination isn’t innocent in this story. Since key deer have lived near ever increasing numbers of humans for decades, they have lost their fear of people and the roads that allow us to explore the keys with ease. However, even if they hadn’t lost that fear, Highway 1 cuts through their refuge, and this forces the deer to cross the road in order to find food and mates. Each crossing puts them in danger of cars that are move through the refuge, especially at night, when the deer are most active and people are the least able to make them out in time to slow down. So, altogether, this means that the popularity of Highway 1, as well as people’s mindset while they are travelling it, has created a continuing threat to the key deer (along with other issues that you can read more about here).

So now you’re asking, how can I be part of the solution and not the problem? Well, if you ever find yourself driving through the keys, SLOW DOWN. There are plenty of signs informing you when you are entering their refuge area, and special speed limits imposed on the highway here as well. With a population of only around 300, a single deer killed on the road is a risk for the species. If you’re passengers complain, you can tell them to Google the key deer so they can look at their cute little faces and that they really should have gone to the bathroom earlier.

Travel and happiness go hand in hand for many of us, but often we don’t think about what impact we have on our journey. We should always respect the places we visit, and the people and animals that call those places home.

The beautiful Florida Keys (c) ABR 2016

The beautiful Florida Keys (c) ABR 2016


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  1. Amber

    What a gorgeous area. And what lovely deer. I’m with you though: slow down! It drives me nuts when people just speed along without concern for other beings.

  2. Ivonne

    The Keys are tremendously beautiful how can you not slow down and enjoy the splendor and beauty. I’m sure there are deer crossing signs all over the place; it only makes sense to slow down.

    • There are! And there are even special speed limits in the area where most of them are. However, I can say from experience that if you try to go that speed, people will tail gate you. You have to hold your ground on staying slow.

  3. I like the place looks nice and the deer 🦌 really cute!!
    So nice they have speed limits there to protect the deers

  4. Aww! It’s Bambi’s baby deer. I live in Florida and deer can be an issue .

    • Depends on the type of deer! Some are over populated and that is a real problem. But others like these little guys are on the edge of extinction. It is so hard to fix all these different problems! Luckily, it isn’t too hard to slow down in the keys, it is so beautiful.

  5. Aw not Bambi! I think slowing down is not only important for the animals but for the people too! I can’t imagine hitting one of those would be good for the deer, car or people 🙁

  6. Valerie Jane

    Here in the Netherlands we have signs that help the drivers to be aware of the local wildlife, so it’s not a huge issue here. But I definitely agree with slowing down in general!

    • Luckily, there are signs here as well. But people are still tempted to drive faster than they should. Hopefully, because they don’t know what danger they are creating for the animals.

  7. I lived a few hours from the Keys most of my life; I am sad to say I didn’t visit often enough. Gorgeous pics and thanks for sharing about the deer super informative. Never knew 🙂

  8. The Florida Keys look amazing, I can’t wait to visit that area! The photos of the deer are really cute!

  9. Florida looks cool! I would love to visit Florida soon!


  10. lex

    new day i learn of new places, florida keys souns amazing and from your post its an a mazing place for a visit. great pictures too.

  11. I so want to go here! I love your photos. I have dreams about spending a couple weeks at a beach house there.

  12. Florida seems to look amazing all year round..let’s hope that more and more people are aware of the deers around and start appreciating them

  13. What a beautiful place! Love the pictures with the deer, they are such lovely animals.

  14. Great reminder to do our best to preserve the animals in our environments especially those close to extinction!

  15. tara8910

    These little guy are so cute. Thanks for sticking up for them!

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