Arizona is the 48th state of the United States, having joined the union only before Hawaii and Alaska. You most likely know this state as the home of the Grand Canyon. While the Earth’s deepest canyon is one of the most beautiful places in the world, Arizona has so much more to offer. The state’s capital is the 5th largest city in the country, and there is no lack of cultural diversity if you take the time to explore the state. Nature and history have also made the expanse of Arizona a place to enjoy otherworldly desert landscapes while also having otherwise rare glimpses into the vibrant past and present of Native American people. Nightborn Travel is born and raised in Arizona, so we hope to provide you with a detailed guide to everything that this state has to offer, from restaurants in Phoenix, to hiking guides around the state, as well as larger scale guides and itineraries that we provide for the other locations that we explore.

General Information and Arizona’s Cities

Type: US State (1912)
Region: North America
Official Languages: English; Spanish is common and Native American languages like Dine, Tohono O’odham, Apache, and others are still living.
Population: 6,931,071 (2016)
Capital: Phoenix
Currency: US Dollar
Cultures: American (Southwestern- with heavy influences from Mexican and Native American cultures); How to Travel Respectfully in the US



Phoenix is the capital of Arizona, and it has gained some notoriety as an endless, souless suburbia. 10 years ago, that might have been true, but these days the city has started to transform into a foodie’s paradise and it is home to some of the most unique museums in the world. Phoenix may not be the city that I consider to embody the cultural mixing pot of Arizona, but it is certainly the place to go if you want to see the modern vibrancy of life in the state. I would be remiss to mention that Phoenix is also home to some of the largest urban, natural preserves in the US.


If you are interested in getting a real sense for how Southwestern cultures have manifested in Arizona, Tucson should be your go-to. There is a very strong Mexican influence here, and the city also borders the Tohono O’odham nation, home to the San Xavier Mission (which makes a prominent appearance in the city’s flag above). Tucson is also surrounded by amazingly beautiful mountains, several of which are Sky Islands (desert on the bottom and forests on the top), so there is an almost endless variety of hiking trails to explore.

Small Towns

Backyard Discoveries: Unexpected Beauty at Arcosanti

Backyard Discoveries: Travel Tips for a Jaunt in Jerome, AZ

Backyard Discoveries: The Shrine on Chihuahua Hill

Backyard Discoveries: S.O.S. (or Seeking Out Superior)

Bisbee: A Three Day Itinerary for History and Culture in Southern Arizona

Native American Nations

Arizona has the most land, nearly a quarter of its area, of any US state set aside as Native American Nations. Not all of them are interested in visitors, but those that are offer unique cultural, historic, and natural experiences that should not be missed.


The Havasupai Tribe are the heart and soul of the Grand Canyon and the keepers of Havasu Falls. If you want to learn more about their culture and history, our guide will give you some starting points to learn more. If you want to visit, we also have the guide for you.


Most people think about three things when they imagine nature in Arizona, the Grand Canyon, Sedona, and the desert. Unsurprisingly, this state is far more complex than that. The simplest way to think about the environment of Arizona is that the south is a lowland desert and the north has higher elevations and forests; the two are delineated by a ridge called the Mogollon Rim. Of course, if you have driven the state, you know that the landscape is a far more like a mosaic than the above description implies. To the south, you will be met with a land of rolling desert grasslands that are crowned by mountains so high that they have their own forests at their summits (called the Sky Islands). But the characteristic, bushy desert of the Sonoran Desert that surrounds the capital of Phoenix also stretches to the south and north. This is a highly biodiverse desert, which will surprise plenty of people with its greenery. To the north, forests become more common, but it is not without its own desert wonders. Monument Valley and the Painted Desert are both great examples of just how jarringly beautiful these places can be. National Parks and State Parks are a great place to start in discovering the magic of Arizona.

Highpoint: Humphreys Peak
UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Grand Canyon National Park
National Parks: 22 National Parks

National Park Units

Coronado National Memorial and Tumacacori Historic Park

Montezuma’s Castle and Well

Danger, Nature, and Social Conflict in the Desert: Organ Pipe National Monument

The Apache Trail and Tonto National Monument

State Parks

Sedona: Red Rock State Park

Arizona State Park: Slide Rock

Hiking Picacho Peak

Other Hikes

Brown’s Peak: Summiting the Phoenix Skyline

Upper Fish Creek in Tonto

The Lower Salt River: Phoenix’s Riparian Wonderland

Watson Lake Loop Trail, Prescott, Arizona


Bisbee: A Three Day Itinerary for History and Culture in Southern Arizona

Guide to the Southern Arizona Ghost Town Road Trip

Guide to the Southern Arizona Ghost Town Road Trip (Day Two)

Roadtrip to Safford

Itineraries from other bloggers:

Vegas to Phoenix in 48 Hours (From Bee Anything But Boring)

Ultimate Weekend Guide for the Grand Canyon (From Ready, Set, PTO)


More Posts and Tips:

21st Century Warriors: Keeping Culture Alive at the Kenshin Dojo

Finding Comfort in History: The Southwestern Charms of The Cochise Hotel

The Story of Water in Arizona: SRP and CAP Canals

How to Obtain a Havasupai Permit by The Wandering Queen

If your thirst for Arizona knowledge has not been quenched by this guide, please visit our Explore Arizona Pinterest board for more blogger insight into this beautiful, amazing state.