Arizona is the 48th state of the United States, having joined the union only before Hawaii and Alaska. You most likely know this state as the home of the Grand Canyon. While the Earth’s deepest canyon is one of the most beautiful places in the world, Arizona has so much more to offer. The state’s capital is the 5th largest city in the country, and there is no lack of cultural diversity if you take the time to explore the state. Nature and history have also made the expanse of Arizona a place to enjoy otherworldly desert landscapes while also having otherwise rare glimpses into the vibrant past and present of Native American people. Nightborn Travel is born and raised in Arizona, so we hope to provide you with a detailed guide to everything that this state has to offer, from restaurants in Phoenix, to hiking guides around the state, as well as larger scale guides and itineraries that we provide for the other locations that we explore.

General Information and Arizona’s Cities

Type: US State (1912)
Region: North America
Official Languages: English; Spanish is common and Native American languages like Dine, Tohono O’odham, Apache, and others are still living.
Population: 6,931,071 (2016)
Capital: Phoenix
Currency: US Dollar
Cultures: American (Southwestern- with heavy influences from Mexican and Native American cultures); How to Travel Respectfully in the US


Small Towns:

Backyard Discoveries: Unexpected Beauty at Arcosanti

Backyard Discoveries: Travel Tips for a Jaunt in Jerome, AZ

Backyard Discoveries: The Shrine on Chihuahua Hill

Backyard Discoveries: S.O.S. (or Seeking Out Superior)


Most people think about three things when they imagine nature in Arizona, the Grand Canyon, Sedona, and the desert. Unsurprisingly, this state is far more complex than that. The simplest way to think about the environment of Arizona is that the south is a lowland desert and the north has higher elevations and forests; the two are delineated by a ridge called the Mogollon Rim. Of course, if you have driven the state, you know that the landscape is a far more like a mosaic than the above description implies. To the south, you will be met with a land of rolling desert grasslands that are crowned by mountains so high that they have their own forests at their summits (called the Sky Islands). But the characteristic, bushy desert of the Sonoran Desert that surrounds the capital of Phoenix also stretches to the south and north. This is a highly biodiverse desert, which will surprise plenty of people with its greenery. To the north, forests become more common, but it is not without its own desert wonders. Monument Valley and the Painted Desert are both great examples of just how jarringly beautiful these places can be. National Parks and State Parks are a great place to start in discovering the magic of Arizona.

Highpoint: Humphreys Peak
UNESCO World Heritage Sites: Grand Canyon National Park
National Parks: 22 National Parks

National Park Units:

Coronado National Memorial and Tumacacori Historic Park

Montezuma’s Castle and Well

Danger, Nature, and Social Conflict in the Desert: Organ Pipe National Monument

The Apache Trail and Tonto National Monument

State Parks:

Sedona: Red Rock State Park

Arizona State Park: Slide Rock

Other Hikes:

Brown’s Peak: Summiting the Phoenix Skyline

Upper Fish Creek in Tonto

Hiking Picacho Peak

The Lower Salt River: Phoenix’s Riparian Wonderland

Watson Lake Loop Trail, Prescott, Arizona


Bisbee: A Three Day Itinerary for History and Culture in Southern Arizona

Guide to the Southern Arizona Ghost Town Road Trip

Guide to the Southern Arizona Ghost Town Road Trip (Day Two)

Roadtrip to Safford

Vegas to Phoenix in 48 Hours (From Bee Anything But Boring)

Ultimate Weekend Guide for the Grand Canyon (From Ready, Set, PTO)


More Posts and Tips:

21st Century Warriors: Keeping Culture Alive at the Kenshin Dojo

Finding Comfort in History: The Southwestern Charms of The Cochise Hotel

The Story of Water in Arizona: SRP and CAP Canals

How to Obtain a Havasupai Permit by The Wandering Queen

If your thirst for Arizona knowledge has not been quenched by this guide, please visit our Explore Arizona Pinterest board for more blogger insight into this beautiful, amazing state.